Image of three young girls, walking in Latin America.

Malaria in Latin America and the Caribbean

Dramatic progress has been made in the fight against malaria in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Between 2000 and 2014, countries in the Americas achieved a 67 percent reduction in cases of malaria from 1.2 million to 390,000. This progress is reflected in the Pan American Health Organization’s (PAHO’s) Plan of Action for Malaria Elimination 2016–2020, in which a commitment is made to further reduce malaria morbidity in the Americas by 40 percent and attain malaria-free status in at least four countries by 2020.

In spite of this progress, the gains made against malaria are fragile. National malaria programs must remain vigilant to potential resurgences of malaria, while preserving the capability to respond rapidly and effectively to upswings in malaria and facing other challenges such as the fact that many of the remaining cases occur in populations with limited access to healthcare and the co-circulation of P. vivax and P. Falciparum malaria, among others.

The primary purpose of this site is to provide a library of technical resources for those working to support efforts to control and/or eliminate malaria in LAC. These materials include advice on how to adapt and apply relevant World Health Organization (WHO) guidance and other recommendations to the regional context, articles, reports, and evaluations documenting malaria control and elimination efforts in the region, and training and educational materials on a variety of aspects of malaria. This site aims to be a comprehensive library of key resources for malaria control and elimination in LAC; thus, anyone with resources that may be useful to this community of practice is encouraged to send them to zeppelin.For guidance on specific questions regarding malaria in LAC, please contact the PAHO Regional Malaria Program (malaria@paho.org).